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An estimated 12 million Americans operate on full or part-time business from their homes, and that number keeps growing. Although savvy and creative in their own specialties, these entrepreneurs, at times, seem bewildered about how to insure their business against theft, fire and liability. Some believe their homeowners policies cover all their home business insurance needs. As a result, a lot of these home business owners are uninsured.

Property and Liability Insurance
Business owners need both property insurance in case they're robbed or a fire breaks out in their company's "headquarters" and destroys equipment and inventory, and liability insurance in case someone gets hurt using their product or services or is injured inside their home or on their property.

The first tip for business owners is: don't assume your homeowners policy covers your home business. It may, but probably only to a maximum of $2,500 for business equipment in the home and $250 if it's off of the premises. It usually doesn't cover business-related liability. For example, if a customer or supplier is injured on your property, your Homeowners Insurance typically won't cover that loss. Your homeowners policy also doesn't insure your inability to collect your accounts receivable if your business records are damaged, and it won't replace lost income if you cannot operate your business due to damage to your home.

Insuring Your Business Against Disasters

One-fourth of all businesses that close because of a disaster, never reopen. Small businesses are especially vulnerable, because few of them have the resources or knowledge to assess disaster risks and develop comprehensive mitigation and recovery plans, according to the Institute for Business & Home Safety (IBHS).

Insurance Tools:

There are three ways you can buy the Home Business Insurance coverage you need:

  1. Depending on the type of business you operate, you may be able to add an endorsement to your existing homeowners policy. Some insurance companies offer a home day-care coverage endorsement for people who operate a home day-care service for pay in their home. Some companies will offer property and liability insurance for "incidental" businesses operated from your home. However, each company may define incidental differently. For example, some companies consider an incidental business one that grosses less than $5,000 per year.
  2. You can buy several individual Business Insurance policies to provide the various coverages you need, such as Business Property, General Liability and Business Income Insurance.
  3. Or you can buy a Business Owners Package policy designed for smaller businesses, which combines the necessary property and liability insurance coverages you need in a single policy.

Because home businesses keep popping up all over the country, some insurance companies have begun to offer what amounts to a mini-business owners package policy specifically for home businesses. Some of these policies cover the loss or destruction of business property on or off premises; the loss of valuable papers and important business information; personal injury and advertising liability; accounts receivable up to $10,000; money lost on premises up to $5,000 and off premises up to $2,000.

Companies that offer these policies often require that you purchase your Homeowners and Auto policies from them. With those policies in place, your Home Business policy extends the amount of personal property and liability coverage you have on your home to your business. And if a fire or storm makes running your business impossible, it'll cover expenses and lost income for up to a year.

These package policies cut the possibility of gaps and duplications in coverage. But, unfortunately, they're not approved yet for sale in all the states. The important point is to talk with an insurance professional and get the most appropriate coverage for your home business that is available in your state.

Car Insurance
If you use a vehicle for your business activities - for example, transporting supplies or products, visiting customers, or ferrying employees or customers - you need to make certain that your Auto Insurance will protect you from accidents which may occur while on business. In many cases, your personal auto policy - which covers taking the kids to see their grandmother, picking up the groceries, or any one of thousands of personal tasks - can also cover the business use of your auto. In some cases, however, depending on your type of business and the kind of vehicles you own, you may need to purchase a separate Business Auto Insurance policy. A knowledgeable insurance agent or company representative will be able to determine which approach would be best for you.

Health Insurance
Don't forget that you'll also need Health Insurance to cover medical costs if you become ill or injured, and Disability Insurance if you're unable to work because of sickness or injury. If you have employees, you may want to consider looking into small group insurance programs for your business. Call the National Insurance Consumer Helpline at (800) 942-4242 if you have a question about these and other types of insurance.

Compensating Injured Workers
Once you hire an employee, you may need to purchase Workers Compensation insurance to cover what it will cost if the employee is ever hurt on the job and needs medical treatment. Workers Compensation coverage also supplements income until he or she recuperates and can return to work.

If you've incorporated your business, Workers Compensation insurance can also cover you in case you are injured at work. Since each state has its own set of laws regulating when Workers Compensation insurance needs to be purchased, you should check with your insurance agent or your state's insurance department to find out how this applies to your business.

Umbrella Policies
An Umbrella policy offers you extra liability insurance that pays for a loss when the limits of your underlying policy are reached. So, if you're responsible for someone's injury that requires $150,000 of medical treatment and the liability limit in your underlying policy is $100,000, an Umbrella policy will pay the additional $50,000.

Keep in mind that most personal Umbrella policies that are tacked onto a Homeowners or Auto policy will cover liability stemming from business activities and business property only if covered by the basic policies. Always check your policy to see how it defines business and business property, or ask your agent.

Finding an Agent
Instead of going it alone, home business owners should assemble a cadre of advisers, including an insurance agent or company representative. Make sure the agent or representative you select is knowledgeable about insurance for your type of business. Consider asking other home business owners, especially someone who has a home business similar to yours, to recommend an agent for you. Or check with the state or national trade association that covers owners of businesses like yours.

The right agent will help you purchase the right insurance that meets your financial needs now and can effectively advise you on coverage as your needs change.

Ask About Discounts
Insurance companies frequently offer discounts to business owners who install smoke detectors and security systems. Some companies also offer discounts to persons who drive a minimum number of miles each year. Be sure to ask your agent or company representative if you're eligible for these or other discounts.

As Your Company Grows
As your company thrives, keep in touch with your insurance agent or company representative. Just as you would let the insurance professional who handles your homeowners insurance policy know if you added a deck to your house or bought expensive home entertainment equipment, so you should let the agent or company representative know if your business equipment, inventory or operation is more extensive than when you bought your policy. If you neglect to do so and you have a loss, you may find that your policy has limits far below the actual current value of your possessions.

State Insurance Departments
Insurance is regulated by the states, and every state has a state insurance department. The head of the department is usually called a commissioner or superintendent of insurance. These departments can provide you with additional information about insurance, including key insurance laws.